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Andrew's Tips: The Sovereign's Pipers

By Andrew T. Lenz, Jr., Santa Cruz, California, ©2004-2014

The following is a list of head bagpipers to the kings and queens of the United Kingdom since the position was established in 1843. If you have something to contribute, please let me know, I'd like to keep this page current and accurate.

Queen Elizabeth and Jim Motherwell Queen's Piper Jim Motherwell escorting the Queen and a little visitor at Balmoral Castle in 2000.
(More about this photo below.)

The list.

The Pipers to the Sovereign

Click on names with links to be taken to the corresponding entries in my Bagpiping Who's Who.

Service Dates
Start End Name Military Affiliation
1 July 25, 1843 1854 Angus MacKay of Rassay* none
2 1854 1891 PM William Ross* 42nd Highlanders (Black Watch)
3 1891 1910 James Campbell* 42nd Highlanders (Black Watch)
4 1911 1941 PM Henry Forsyth* Scots Guards
Appointment vacant 1941-1945
5 1945 1966 PM Alexander Macdonald* Scots Guards
6 1966 1973 PM Andrew Pitkeathly* Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders
7 1973 1980 David Caird* Royal Highland Fuseliers
8 1980 1995 Brian MacRae* Gordon Highlanders
9 1995 1998 PM Gordon Webster Scots Guards
10 1998 December 2003 Jim Motherwell Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders
11 December 2003 2006 PM Jim Stout The Highlanders, 1st Battalion
12 2006 2008 PM Alistair Cuthbertson The Royal Scots, 1st Battalion
13 2008 2012 PM Derek Potter The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
14 2012 PM Davy Rogers Irish Guards, 1st Battalion

*Known deceased.


Queen Victoria took a trip, with her husband Albert, to Taymouth Castle in 1842 to visit the Marquis of Breadalbane and heard the famous bagpiper John Ban MacKenzie play. She was delighted. (She sent a letter to her mother, the Duchess of Kent, exclaiming, "We have heard nothing but bagpipes since we have been to the beautiful Highlands and I have become so fond of it that I mean to have a piper.") When asked for a recommendation, the Marquis suggested Angus MacKay as a piper for the Queen. Angus accepted the post and moved to London, England to become the first Piper to the Sovereign.

Angus MacKay William Ross
1st Piper to the Queen Successor to Angus MacKay


Duties for Sovereign's Pipers—"Piobair na Bhan Righ"—were not limited to just piping. Official duties outlined in 1854 included serving as footman in the garden in the morning, waiting at dinner as needed, greeting visitors and escorting them to dinner and generally taking orders from the Sergeant Footman in general service around the household.

Currently, the Sovereign's Piper's primary duty is to play Monday through Friday at 9 a.m. for about fifteen minutes under The Queen's window, a tradition that tourists appreciate! Regardless of inclement weather, he pipes every morning when Her Majesty is residing at Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh or at Balmoral. (He usually takes his vacation when the Queen is at Sandringham in Norfolk.) He also plays for special events. The piper lives in the royal residence and travels with the Queen acting as a Page of the Presence, escorting the Queen to the various audiences.

One unofficial rule is the piper cannot play the same tune twice for the morning performance the entire duration of the Queen's stay at Balmoral in the summer months. (The Queen likes fresh material!)

At official state banquets, the Piper to the Sovereign is responsible for coordinating a dozen bagpipers who play in the dining room after the Heads of State have finished dinner. At Balmoral, Holyroodhouse, and Windsor he plays each evening at The Queen's dinner table.

Appointment and Duration.

Early on (Angus MacKay and William Ross), since this position was a lifetime appointment, another piper might unofficially take over duties of a Sovereign's Piper if he was unable to perform, but the title was usually held until death. This is no longer the case, as evidenced by James Campbell ending his service with retirement in 1910.These days, service is limited by the individual's remaining enlistment (maximum of twenty-two year term), so it will depend upon at which point in his term the individual is appointed. (For example, if appointed twelve years into enlistment this would leave a decade of service to the sovereign as piper.) It was decided in 1965 that appointments be removed from the Civil List and be made only from serving army pipe majors. Like a business, these pipers are interviewed by the Queen before she makes her appointment, and is based much on whether she feels their personalities are compatible as they will be interacting on regular basis.

Other pipers.

Before Queen Victoria's death in 1901, with was common to have several pipers at the Queen's disposal. For instance, at one point James Campbell was 1st Piper and his nephew William Campbell was 2nd Piper. After her death, one piper was retained but it became the practice to employ several pipers at Balmoral as gamekeepers, deerstalkers or fishing gillies. These "extra" pipers would join the Sovereign's Piper in entertaining the king or queen. Two very famous such estate tenders/pipers were the "Bob's of Balmoral", Bob Brown and Bob Nicol. This practice continues to this day.

In 1932, the Scots Guards granted a warrant as "Household Pipers to the Sovereign" and were required to provide a dozen pipers to perform at State Banquets.

Henry Forsyth

Piper to three monarchs (1911-1941): King George V, King Edward VII, and King George VI. This photo was taken at the Braemar Gathering in 1926.

Tidbits of Trivia.

Pipe Major John "Gabby" Roe (Scots Guards) is the only known piper to have refused the post of Piper to Her Majesty. Apparently, the wages were so low at the time that he would have not been able to support his family. Understandably, this resulted in some murmuring, but he stuck to his guns and took a civilian job instead. After this occurance, wages were reviewed and consequently raised. While the Sovereign Pipers are simply compensated with their military pay, most would rather spent their time at a palace and play tunes than perhaps be shot at!

The Balmoral tartan is worn only by those pipers employed in service to the Royal family and the members of the Royal family themselves. The Balmoral tartan is always worn by the Sovereign's Piper when at Balmoral in Scotland. (In England, the Royal Stewart is worn on ceremonial occasions.)

The Sovereign's Piper wears two eagle feathers in his headwear, versus one such feather for other pipers serving in some capacity to the Royal family (e.g., Balmoral estate pipers).


Derek Potter

Personal piper to Queen Elizabeth II commencing in 2008. Buckingham Palace 2012. (Used by permission of PM Derek Potter.)

About the top photo.

The photograph at the top of this page was provided by Jim Motherwell; it is a photo which published in quite number of newspapers at the time. It was taken on August 11, 2000 during a visit by Streetsville Pipes and Drums from Ontario, Canada, according to band member Neil Forbes. This band gave a private performance for the Queen. The little girl holding Jim's hand is Kirsten McLellan (daughter of Fred McLellan, one of the band's side drummers), who had just presented the Queen with the bouquet of posies she is seen holding. Behind Jim you can just see a bit of a coat which belongs to Princess Margaret who was also in attendance, probably one of the last times she was seen in public before her death. The band and their spouses and friends were the only visitors at the Castle at the time.

More information.

You can find more on various recent special events with the Sovereign's Piper by searching at The Official Website of the British Monarchy. Since I created this page, they have added a page to their site about the Sovereign's Pipers.

This page last updated Sunday, September 14, 2014.
Page first created in January 8, 2004.

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